Specs of Ursus agricultural tractors


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The History of Ursus Tractors

The history of Ursus tractors began in 1893 in Warsaw, when three engineers – Ludwik Rossman, Kazimierz Matecki, Emil Schönfeld, and four entrepreneurs decided to establish a company called Towarzystwo Udziałowe Specyalnej Fabryki Armatur (Joint-Stock Company of Special Fittings Factory). Their activities focused on producing fittings for the sugar, food, and distillery industries, as well as fire hydrants and fittings for central heating and water supply.
In 1902, during the expansion of the plant, it was decided to start producing internal combustion engines. Inspired by the popularity of Henryk Sienkiewicz’s novel “Quo Vadis,” the company changed its name to Ursus. The new trademark, stylized as a gear wheel with three letters URSUS encrypted, became a recognizable symbol.
In 1910, the factory moved to the outskirts of Warsaw, continuing the production of fittings and introducing internal combustion engines to the assortment. Despite the destruction and confiscation of some machines by the Russian army during World War I, Ursus revived and continued the production of internal combustion engines. From 1916 to 1918, an attempt was made to construct the first Polish tractor, which resulted in the creation of one prototype.
During the interwar period, in 1920, the company transformed into Fabryka Silników i Traktorów “Ursus” (Engine and Tractor Factory “Ursus”), but tractor production did not start until 1922. From 1923 to 1927, Ursus produced the first Polish agricultural tractors, modeled after the American “Titan” model. In 1930, Ursus was incorporated into the State Engineering Works (PZInż), where the production of military vehicles, tanks, cars, and motorcycles began.
During World War II, Ursus factories were used by the Germans for the production of tanks and aircraft pumps. After the war, in 1946, the state authorities decided to start the production of agricultural tractors at the Ursus plants. In 1955, work began on a new Polish tractor, and in 1960, the legendary Ursus C-325 model was introduced, which became the prototype of the light tractor family produced for 34 years.
In the post-war period, in 1971, Ursus decided to produce tractors under Massey-Ferguson license, leading to the expansion of the plants and increased production. The 1980s and 1990s were a period of intensive development of Polish technical thought, reflected in the production of modern Ursus tractors. The Ursus brand became recognizable worldwide, and tractors with a bear in the emblem gained global popularity.
After the political transformation in Poland in 1989, Ursus underwent restructuring and privatization. In 1991, the association was divided, giving rise to the Ursus Tractor Industry Plants. In the following years, the company underwent numerous structural changes, and in 2011, it joined forces with another agricultural machinery producer, POL-MOT Warfama SA.

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